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Skeleton of Brachianodon westorum, a new Middle Eocene metacheiromyid (Mammalia, Palaeanodonta) from the Early Bridgerian (Bridger A) of the southern Green River basin, Wyoming

, : Skeleton of Brachianodon westorum, a new Middle Eocene metacheiromyid (Mammalia, Palaeanodonta) from the Early Bridgerian (Bridger A) of the southern Green River basin, Wyoming. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology University of Michigan. September 30; 2815: 365-392

A new genus and species of metacheiromyid palaenodont, Brachianodon westorum, is described, based on a nearly complete skeleton from the early Bridgerian (Bridger A) middle Eocene of southwestern Wyoming. Brachianodon has a number of primitive Palaeanodon-like characteristics including retention of five postcanine teeth, mediolateral compression of the humeral head, and anteroposterior compression of the distal tibia. Brachianodon differs from older Palaeanodon and from contemporary Metacheiromys in retaining enamel on postcanine teeth, in having more complex postcanine tooth morphology, in having a short tibia relative to femur length, and in having a very short astragalar neck and round astragalar head. Presence of Brachianodon in the early Bridgerian indicates that metacheiromyids were more diverse in the middle Eocene than previously recognized.


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