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The active site of an algal prolyl 4-hydroxylase has a large structural plasticity

, : The active site of an algal prolyl 4-hydroxylase has a large structural plasticity. Journal of Biological Chemistry 282(51): 37112-37123

Prolyl 4-hydroxylases (P4Hs) are 2-oxoglutarate dioxygenases that catalyze the hydroxylation of peptidyl prolines. They play an important role in collagen synthesis, oxygen homeostasis, and plant cell wall formation. We describe four structures of a P4H from the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, two of the apoenzyme at 1.93 and 2.90 angstrom resolution, one complexed with the competitive inhibitor Zn2+, and one with Zn2+ and pyridine 2,4-dicarboxylate (which is an analogue of 2-oxoglutarate) at 1.85 angstrom resolution. The structures reveal the double-stranded beta-helix core fold (jellyroll motif), typical for 2-oxoglutarate dioxygenases. The catalytic site is at the center of an extended shallow groove lined by two flexible loops. Mutagenesis studies together with the crystal-lographic data indicate that this groove participates in the binding of the proline-rich peptide-substrates. It is discussed that the algal P4H and the catalytic domain of collagen P4Hs have notable structural similarities, suggesting that these enzymes form a separate structural subgroup of P4Hs different from the hypoxia-inducible factor P4Hs. Key structural differences between these two subgroups are described. These studies provide first insight into the structure-function relationships of the collagen P4Hs, which unlike the hypoxia-inducible factor P4Hs use proline-rich peptides as their substrates.


PMID: 17940281

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M706554200

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