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The chemical restraint of apes and monkeys by means of phencyclidine or ketamine

, : The chemical restraint of apes and monkeys by means of phencyclidine or ketamine. Acta Zoologica et Pathologica Antverpiensia: 211-220

The anesthetic effects of two drugs, namely, Phencyclidine and Ketamine, used alone or in combination with atropine, were compared during clinical and experimental procedures on different primate species ranging from gorillas, orangutans, white-faced and dwarf chimpanzees, baboons, cercopithecus monkeys to new--world monkeys. It is concluded that both these anesthetics are very good and safe drugs for restraint and anesthesia. Ketamine appeared to be superior to Phencyclidine for use among apes and monkeys in so far as it is shorter acting, has wider safety margin and shorter recovery time, provides better muscle relaxation and is practically without side effects. But Phencyclidine has definite advantage in so far as it is needed is smaller quantity to produce comparable effect of anesthesia.


PMID: 418634

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