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Variation in hypothalamic gonadotrophin-releasing hormone content, plasma and pituitary LH, and in-vitro testosterone release in a long-distance migratory bird, the garden warbler (Sylvia borin), under constant photoperiods

, : Variation in hypothalamic gonadotrophin-releasing hormone content, plasma and pituitary LH, and in-vitro testosterone release in a long-distance migratory bird, the garden warbler (Sylvia borin), under constant photoperiods. Journal of Endocrinology 128(3): 339-345

Changes in concentrations of hypothalamic gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH), pituitary and plasma LH, testicular mass, in-vitro release of testosterone, body mass and migratory activity were measured in male garden warblers (Sylvia borin) kept from November to June under a constant photo-period of 12.8 h. Under such conditions garden warblers gradually change from the photorefractory to the photosensitive state and gonadal recrudescence then occurs. Hypothalamic GnRH content was low from December to March, but increased in April to reach the highest levels in June. The spontaneous increase in GnRH was paralleled by increases in pituitary LH content, testicular mass and in-vitro testosterone release. Body mass decreased 1 month and nocturnal activity 2 months before the spontaneous increase in GnRH. Ovine LH increased in-vitro testosterone release over basal release at all times. The results suggest that in garden warblers (1) changes in hypothalamic GnRH content can occur under constant photoperiodic condition, (2) the gradual change from the photorefractory to the photosensitive state is not characterized by a gradual increase in hypothalamic content of GnRH (cf. starlings), and (3) Leydig cells are capable of testosterone release even during the photorefractory state.


PMID: 2013742

DOI: 10.1677/joe.0.1280339

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