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Fallbericht: Libyostrongylus douglassii-assoziierte Magenentzuendungen bei Straussen (Struthio camelus) in Deutschland

, : Fallbericht: Libyostrongylus douglassii-assoziierte Magenentzuendungen bei Straussen (Struthio camelus) in Deutschland. DTW Deutsche Tieraerztliche Wochenschrift e; 113(6): 240-242

Cases of Libyostrongylus douglassii-associated proventriculitis in an adult female ostrich and two ostrich chicks occurring on two farms in different federal states of Germany are described. The adult bird was recently bought and kept under quarantine conditions without contact to other animals of the herd. Without developing clinical signs of illness, the animal died. At necropsy, typical lesions of wireworm infection were found. The lining of the stomach had a moth-eaten appearance. Massive amounts of adult stages of trichostrongyloid nematodes were diagnosed in histological specimens of the proventricular mucosa and under the koilin layer of the ventriculus. The worms were isolated from the proventriculus and identified as L. douglassii. The feces of the bird contained high amounts of typical eggs of the worms with a medium size of approximately 70 x 40 [mu]m. A polyphasic degeneration of heart and skeletal muscle was diagnosed in addition to the wireworm infection and interpreted to be a result of a malnutrition (Vit. E-/selenium deficiency). The ostrich chicks were reared on another farm and submitted for necropsy because of high mortality (8 out of 12 chicks died). A massive invasion of the proventricular mucosa with L. douglassi was macroscopically and histologically detected at necropsy of the anaemic birds.


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