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Preliminary surveillance and positioning of phlebotomine sand flies breeding sites in Penang, Malaysia using global positioning system


, : Preliminary surveillance and positioning of phlebotomine sand flies breeding sites in Penang, Malaysia using global positioning system. Tropical Biomedicine e; 18(1): 85-88

Twenty four out of a total of 500 cowshed in Seberang Perai Utara (412), Barat Daya (62) and Timur Laut (26) districts of Penang were surveyed for sand flies by adult catch using modified CDC light-traps. The locations were marked with a GPSIII model (GARMIN[registered trademark]). At Timur Laut district, out of 26.9% surveyed 85.7% of it was positive with sand flies. At Barat Daya district, out of 12.9% surveyed, 37.5% of it were positive with sand flies, whereas at Seberang Perai Utara, out of 2.2% surveyed, 22.2% of it were found to be positive with sand flies. Both Phlebotomus and Sergentomyia spp. that were caught at these cowsheds were identified. The traps were also set up at a sandy beach and a sea bank. Sand flies were found positive at the sea bank but no sand flies was caught at the sandy beach. Two nights BLC activities were carried out. One at the sandy beach and one in a cowshed at Pokok Machang area of Seberang Perai Utara district No anthrophophilic activity of sand flies was experienced at both BLC setup. Marking study sites with the GPS was satisfactory and reliable. As a result of using GPS, there were no difficulties of relocating these traps especially in difficult areas.

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