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Premeiotic endomitosis produces diploid eggs in the natural clone loach, Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Teleostei: Cobitidae)

, : Premeiotic endomitosis produces diploid eggs in the natural clone loach, Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Teleostei: Cobitidae). Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Comparative Experimental Biology 305(6): 513-523

The natural clone loach produces unreduced eggs genetically identical to somatic cells of the mother fish and such diploid eggs normally develop as a clone without genetic contribution of sperm. Following the identification of clonal nature and diploidy of eggs, we conducted cytological studies to determine the mechanisms responsible for this unusual oogenesis. Cytolological observation of full-grown oocytes cultured in vitro revealed that oocytes of both the clone and the control loach underwent two successive meiotic divisions: formation of a bipolar spindle and metaphase in meiosis I and equal segregation of chromosomes, extrusion of the first polar body and the appearance of metaphase of meiosis II. However, spindle size of the clone was larger than that of the control. Bivalent chromosome number of germinal vesicle of oocytes was 25 in the control diploid, whereas 50 in the clone. The results suggest that chromosomes are duplicated by mitosis without cytokinesis before meiosis, i.e. premeiotic endomitosis and then oocytes differentiated from tetraploid oogonia undergo a quasinormal meiosis followed by two successive divisions to produce diploid eggs.


PMID: 16526047

DOI: 10.1002/jez.a.283

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