+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Significance of furosine as heat-induced marker in cookies

, : Significance of furosine as heat-induced marker in cookies. Journal of Cereal Science 48(3): 843-847

The effects of recipe formulation in terms of leavening agents (ammonium and sodium bicarbonates), sugars (sucrose and glucose), initial moisture content, and baking conditions (temperature and time) on furosine formation in cookies were studied. The cookies were baked at different temperatures for different times to monitor the progress of the early stage of the Maillard reaction. Change in furosine levels as an indicator of the Amadori products showed a typical kinetic behavior with a rapid increase to an apparent maximum followed by exponential decrease during baking. Initial water activity of cookie dough had no remarkable effect on the apparent maximum, but lowering the water activity decreased the time required to attain it. In addition, levels of furosine in the final product are highly correlated to the initial water content of dough at the same baking conditions. The levels of furosine attained were significantly lower in cookies composed of sucrose than in cookies composed of glucose. Early stage of the MR is rapidly overcome during baking as the Amadori product degraded in the advanced stage. Among the leavening agents, ammonium bicarbonate was the most effective for the progress of the Maillard reaction in cookies during baking.


DOI: 10.1016/j.jcs.2008.06.007

Other references

Axelsson, G., 1983: Practical experiences and trials in influencing milks fat and protein content. Meddelande Svensk husdjursskotsel: (121) 100-102

Upadhyaya, J.S., 1980: Potential local anesthetic agents 2. n n di methylanilino p aminoacetylamino benzothiazole and pyrimidine 2 aminoacetyl 2 amino benzothiazole. N,N-dimethylanilino-p-aminoacetyl-aminobenzothiazole and pyrimidine-2-aminoacetyl-2-aminobenzothiazole were synthesized by the condensation of chloroacetylchloride with different 2-amino-benzothiazoles followed by treatment with p-amino-N,N-dimeth...

Belfrage, Börn.; Hansson, A.; Bake, Börn., 2016: Joint guidelines for spirometry needed. Lakartidningen 112: -

Sugamata, M.; Ihara, T.; Yamamoto, T.; Kuwahata, N.; Hasegawa, C.; Miura, M.; Toda, T., 1999: Pathological mechanism on process of ultrastructural changes into ulcerative colitis The characterized remarks and expression of heat-shock protein 60. Gastroenterology 116(4 PART 2): A827, April

Feeney, T., 2009: Commission issues and infective endocarditis survey. Journal of the Irish Dental Association 54(6): 260-263

Frenkel, D.A., 1982: Anaesthesiologist and the law. Legal Medical Quarterly 5: 74-78

Domschke, S.; Konturek, S.J.; Domschke, W.; Dembiński, A.; Thor, P.; Król, R.; Demling, L., 1975: Cyclic-AMP and pancreatic bicarbonate secretion in response to secretin in dogs. In anesthetized dogs given secretin intravenously in doses doubling every 60 min and ranging from 0.5 to 8 units per kg body weight per hr, cyclic-AMP levels in pancreatic tissue rose continuously, whereas DNA concentrations were slightly decrease...

Kaeding, A.; Jenssen, S., 1964: Kidney Function Disorders In Diabetes Mellitus. Das Deutsche Gesundheitswesen 19: 51-54

Tschesche, R.; Sepulveda, S.; Braun, T.M., 1980: Tri terpenes 33. on the saponin of the flowers of verbascum phlomoides. From the flowers of V. phlomoides L. a saponin verbascosaponin (1), C54H90O22 [with antifungal and antibacterial activity], was isolated containing as aglycone verbascogenin, C30H50O4, with 1 double bond. At acidic conditions it is transformed int...

Widmer, C.; Crane, F.L., 1958: A lipid-soluble form of cytochrome c from the electron transport particle of beef-heart mitochondria. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 27(1): 203-204