geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Sugar-sweetened beverages and body mass index in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis


, : Sugar-sweetened beverages and body mass index in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 87(6): 1662-1671

Background: Rates of overweight and obesity have increased. Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SBs) may play a role.Objective: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine whether the results of original research with the use of longitudinal and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) support the hypothesis that SB consumption is associated with weight gain among children and adolescents.Design: The MEDLINE database was used to retrieve all original studies of SBs and weight gain involving children and adolescents. Twelve (10 longitudinal and 2 RCT) studies were reviewed. Eight of the longitudinal studies and both RCT studies were incorporated into a quantitative meta-analysis. Forest plots and overall estimates and CIs for the association of the difference (Delta) in SB consumption with Delta body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) were produced. Funnel plots were examined as a diagnostic test for publication bias. Databases of unpublished scientific studies were searched. Sensitivity tests were conducted to examine the robustness of the meta-analysis results.Results: The overall estimate of the association was a 0.004 (95% CI: -0.006,0.014) change in BMI during the time period defined by the study for each serving per day change in SB consumption with the fixed-effects model and 0.017 (95% CI: -0.009, 0.044) with the random-effects model. The funnel plot is consistent with publication bias against studies that do not report statistically significant findings. The sensitivity tests suggest that the results are robust to alternative assumptions and new studies.Conclusion: The quantitative meta-analysis and qualitative review found that the association between SB consumption and BMI was near zero, based on the current body of scientific evidence.

US$29.90

PMID: 18541554


Other references

Demonacos, C.; Krstic Demonacos, M.; L.T.angue, N.B., 2001: A TPR motif cofactor contributes to p300 activity in the p53 response. The transcription of p53 target genes involves p300/CBP coactivators, which are multiprotein complexes that interact with the p53 activation domain. We report a cofactor in the p300 coactivator complex, Strap, which has an unusual structure, being...

Tomita, N.; Onishi, T.; Tada, M.; Ohue, M.; Sekimoto, M.; Sakita, I.; Tamaki, Y.; Monden, M.; Ohkubo, K., 1998: A novel gene marker for colon cancer. Recently, several PCR-based assays have been reported to be useful for detection of micrometastasis of cancer cells. Among them, RT-PCR using gene markers whose expression are thought to be specific for epithelial cells is one of the most sensitiv...

Bottoni, P.; Volpato, G.; Bobba, L.; Perani, G.; Marchesi, E.; Ricordi, L.; Carcano, G.C.; Formaini, C., 1987: Clinical definition of asymptomatic abdominal masses. Five patients with asymptomatic abdominal masses (abdominal leiomyosarcoma, giant hydronephrosis, renal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma of the lung metastatic to the adrenal gland, retroperitoneal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma) are reported....

Porschen, R.; Classen, S.; Borchard, F.; Strohmeyer, G., 1993: Relationship between vascularization and tumor proliferation in esophageal cancer. Gastroenterology 104(4 SUPPL ): A442

Novikov, M.; Ishutina, L.; Bich, A.; Starostina, K., 1983: The 'Petrovskii' state breeding farm - leading breeder of Black Pied cattle. The history and breeding and feeding practices of a leading breeding farm for Russian Black Pied cattle, in Leningrad region, are described. In 1982 the total cattle population was 2831, the av. lactation yield of 852 cows being 6000 kg at 3.85% f...

Harris, T.M.; Stone, M.P.; Gopalakrishnan, S.; Baertschi, S.W.; Raney, K.D., 1990: Preparation & NMR characterization of the covalent adduct of aflatoxin B1 epoxide with DNA. The exo-8,9-epoxide of aflatoxin B1 was prepared from the mycotoxin by treatment with dimethyldioxirane. Treatment of two DNA oligomers, d(ATCGAT)2 and d(ATGCAT)2, with the epoxide resulted in formation of mono- and bis-adducts, respectively, both...

Maass Patino, J., 2014: Contribution to the surgical therapy of exposed fractures of both bones of the forearm at the level of the middle third. Cirugia Y Cirujanos 18(2): 72-78

Robitaille, Y.; Sherwin, A., 1984: High affinity (3H) beta-alanine uptake by scar margins of ferric chloride-induced epileptogenic foci in rat isocortex. Cortical astrocytes of normal mammalian brain are endowed with a high affinity uptake system for beta-Alanine which is competitively inhibited by gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA), a neurotransmitter strongly implicated in epileptogenesis. We evaluat...

Shin, D-Yeop.; Lee, D.Ho.; Kim, C.Hyeon.; Koh, J.Soo.; Lee, J.Cheol.; Baek, H.Jong.; Kim, S-We.; Choi, C-Min.; Na, I.Il., 2016: Epidermal growth factor receptor mutations and brain metastasis in patients with nonadenocarcinoma of the lung. This study explored the potential association between epidermal growth.factor receptor. (EGFR) mutation status and brain metastasis in patients with nonadenocarcinoma nonsmall cell lung cancer. (NSCLC). We analyzed clinical data from 286 patients...

Manchikanti, L.; Singh, V., 2007: Incidence of simultaneous epidural and vascular injection during lumbosacral transforaminal epidural injections. Spine Journal 7(5): 629-630