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T cell response mediated by myeloid cell-derived IL-12 is responsible for Porphyromonas gingivalis-induced periodontitis in IL-10-deficient mice

, : T cell response mediated by myeloid cell-derived IL-12 is responsible for Porphyromonas gingivalis-induced periodontitis in IL-10-deficient mice. Journal of Immunology 180(9): 6193-6198

Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease in the oral cavity, which culminates in alveolar bone loss. Porphyromonas gingivalis is a consensus periodontal pathogen that has been implicated in adult forms of periodontitis. We previously demonstrated that IL-10-deficient mice exhibit a hyperinflammatory phenotype and are highly susceptible to P. gingivalis-induced periodontitis, indicating an important anti-inflammatory effect of IL-10 in suppressing bone loss. In this study, we analyzed the pathway(s) by which IL-10 deficiency leads to severe P. gingivalis-induced periodontitis. Because Stat3 is essential in IL-10 signaling, immune cell-specific Stat3-deficient mice were subjected to P. gingivalis infection to identify the key IL-10-responsive cells in preventing periodontitis. Myeloid cell-specific Stat3-deficient mice exhibited increased periodontal bone loss (p < 0.001), whereas T cell- and B cell-specific Stat3 mice were resistant, suggesting that macrophages (MP) and/or polymorphonuclear leukocytes are the key target cells normally suppressed by IL-10. Myeloid cell-specific Stat3-deficient mice exhibited elevated gingival CD40L gene expression in vivo compared with wild-type controls (p < 0.01), and Stat3-deficient MPs exhibited vigorous P. gingivalis-stimulated IL-12 production in vitro and induced elevated Ag-specific T cell proliferation compared with wild-type MPs (p < 0.01). Of importance, both IL-12p40/IL-10 and T cell/IL-10 double-deficient mice were resistant to P. gingivalis-induced periodontitis, demonstrating roles for both IL-12p40 and T cells in pathogenesis in a hyperinflammatory model of disease. These data demonstrate that P. gingivalis-induced periodontitis in IL-10-deficient mice is dependent upon IL-12p40-mediated proinflammatory T cell responses.


PMID: 18424741

DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.180.9.6193

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