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Winter and spring ecology of Anaphes nitens , a solitary egg-parasitoid of the Eucalyptus snout-beetle Gonipterus scutellatus

, : Winter and spring ecology of Anaphes nitens , a solitary egg-parasitoid of the Eucalyptus snout-beetle Gonipterus scutellatus. BioControl 54(2): 195-209

We investigated the effects of temperature, photoperiod, food and host availability, and body size on the overwintering abilities of the egg parasitoid Anaphes nitens Girault (Hymenoptera, Mymaridae) under natural conditions. Seven groups of eighty females received one of four treatments (n=20): (i) honey and hosts, (ii) water and hosts, (iii) honey, or (iv) water. Seven groups of forty males received only honey or water (n=20). To test if short day-length is the main cue for larval dormancy, the experiment was replicated inside a climate chamber at 20C and under a winter photoperiod. A. nitens overwinters because of quiescence or oligopause inside the hosts and increased adult longevity. Mean pre-emergence mortality was up to 26% indoors and 15.2% outdoors, males being more affected. Development time had a significant and positive effect on body size. Honey-fed females without hosts had the highest longevity (53days). Mothers diet and size affected development time, body size, longevity, and fecundity of the progeny. The results confirm the good adaptation of the parasitoid to the environmental conditions of NW Spain and its ability to synchronize its life cycle with the phenology of the host.


DOI: 10.1007/s10526-008-9184-7

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