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Elements Of Emergency Planning For Coping With A Serious Radiation Accident

, : Elements Of Emergency Planning For Coping With A Serious Radiation Accident. Health Physics 9: 793-801

Many nuclear facilities have an inherent potential for suffering a serious radiation accident resulting in excessive radiation exposure to employees or members of the public, even though the probabilities of such an accident maybe extremely low. A realistic assessment of the demands on individuals and organizations following a serious radiation accident indicates that: (1) speed will be essential in rescuing personnel from locations where high dose rates exist, (2) radiation levels may be so much greater than those usually encountered in normal operating practices that substantial training will be required to assure that personnel react properly and spontaneously to the conditions encountered, (3) medical personnel and facilities may be taxed to the maximum in endeavoring to treat effectively highly contaminated, seriously injured personnel and (4) the dispersal of large amounts of radioactive materials throughout the facility and its environs would seriously challenge the resources of public officials to minimize serious radiation dose and property damage. The assumption that a serious radiation accident could occur at any time and without advance warning in a nuclear facility is fundamental to the development of an adequate emergency philosophy. Emergency planning can lead to timely utilization of men and equipment following any serious radiation accident. The key elements to be considered in the establishment of a comprehensive emergency plan for coping with a serious radiation accident are discussed.


PMID: 14060353

DOI: 10.1097/00004032-196308000-00001

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