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Haemobartonella in the Mongolian gerbil

, : Haemobartonella in the Mongolian gerbil. Texas Reports on Biology and Medicine 19: 123-133

A high infection rate of a species of Haemobartonella is reported from the peripheral blood of laboratory-reared and commercially purchased Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus). The density of microorganisms and infected erythrocytes increased 5 to 7 days after splenectomy, and following a transient anemia the animals survived and returned to pre-splenectomy densities of organisms in the blood. Tetracycline hydrochloride at 400 mg/kg and nearsphenamide at 400, 100, and 20 mg/kg, respectively were active against the infection. The organisms were cultivated in NNP blood infusion agar slants and Noguichi's semi-solid media incubated at both 31[degree] and 37[degree] C. Eleven laboratory-born gerbils were infected with Haemobartonella at birth, indicating a high infection rate in the gerbil may be associated with congenital transmission of the organisms. The high infection rate is a factor to be considered in the utilization of this animal for laboratory experimentation. The characteristics and relationships of Bartonella, Haemobartonella, Eperythrozoon, and Grahamella are discussed.


PMID: 13727551

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