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Note on the physical anthropology of the Pamirs and Amu-Daria Basin


, : Note on the physical anthropology of the Pamirs and Amu-Daria Basin. JOUR ROY ANIHROPOL INST GR BRIT & IRELAND 56(Jan -June): 105-134

The physical measurements were obtained by M. A. Stein in 1915 and form a supplement to those he collected in 1906-8. Both lots cover a considerable part of Chinese Turkestan, Pamir, and Bokhara. The people include the Kirghiz of Pamir, the Uzbeg, Tajik, and Karateghin of Bokhara, the Darwazi and Vanji, the Yazghulami, Roshani, Shigani, and Ish-kashmi, and Wahki, the Seistani, and Sayad. and the Biloch, who are military levies from Baluchistan The first 2 are of Mongolo-Turki stock, the next 4 of Persian speech, the next 5 of Iranian speech, the Seistani are mixed, and the Sayad a primitive stock of the submerged aboriginal population. Measurements were taken of the head (2 diams.), face, nose, stature, and span and indices computed. Hair, skin, and eye color were also recorded. A differential index is worked out which the author believes separates the tribes well. There are 2 divergent stocks of Mongolo-Turkisin central Asia, 1 broad-nosed and the other narrow-nosed. The middle groups above are of Alpine stock, the Roshani being the true Homo alpinus. The Seistani-Sayad group are basically Indo-Perpian or Indo-Afghan, but contain a leaven of the old Pamir strain. The Uzbeg are dark haired and dark eyed, and those in contact with them partake more of this pigmentation. The lightest are the Kirghiz and related groups, and have been modified by the Pamirs. The Tajik have abundant hair but the hair of the Kirghiz is scant. The others are intermediate. The Kirghiz. with their scant hair, broad nose, broad head and face, short span, and heavy pigmentation, stand out as distinctly different from the others, and are of a Mongolo-Turki stock. There are extensive tables of measurements and 9 group photographs.

US$19.90

DOI: 10.2307/2843603


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