+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content


, : Para-immunity. Zeitschr Immunitatsforsch U Exp Therap 47(3/4): 347-362

In the process of infection there must be considered the reciprocal reactions of the macroorganism and the infecting microbe, as well as the reaction of the bacterial flora existing in the host upon the intruding microbe. Thus colon bacilli and cocci isolated from feces of dysentery patients were strongly agglutinated by dysentery serum. immunization of rabbits with such cultures of Bad. coli produced agglutinins against dysentery bacilli, and against cocci showing paragglutination with dysentery serum. In analogy with the accepted term, paragglutination, the author proposes the words "para-immunity" and "para-microbes." Bact. proteus was cultured in a small collodium sac immersed in different fluid media containing typhoid bacilli. Single colonies of proteus grown out of tne collodium sac were tested with 1-10 dilution of typhoid serum; those showing agglutination were subcultured again in the collodium sac. Strains of paraproteus were obtained, giving titers up to 1-640 with typhoid bacilli. Contents of the collodium sacs were tested for possible presence of typhoid bacilli but none were found. Only 3 out of 50 colonies from different original strains of Bact. proteus could be transformed into paraproteus. Paragglutination generally disappeared after a few ordinary sub-cultures; but such cultures could be retransformed into paraproteus in a shorter time than any original culture. Rabbits immunized with paraproteus showed antityphoid agglutination titer up to 1-3200. Rabbits immunized with typhoid bacilli survived injection of a lethal dose of paraproteus, while 7 out of 8 control rabbits died within 24 hrs. Fourteen rabbits were immunized with paraproteus and then infected with a lethal dose of typhoid bacilli; 12 survived, 1 died after 24 hrs., 1 after 8 days. Of the controls, 14 out of 15 died within 24 hrs.


Other references

Arantes, G.J.; Silva, C.R.; Costa, J.O.; Marra, D.B., 1995: Anthelmintic activity of 1% ivermectin (injectable solution) in the treatment of calves naturally infected with gastrointestinal nematodes. Fourteen naturally infected calves between 8 and 12 months of age were divided into 2 groups. The animals in one group received 1% ivermectin by subcutaneous injection at a dose of 200 micro g/kg. After 7 days, all the animals were killed and exam...

Frankland, A.W.; Lessof, M.H., 1980: Allergy to bee stings: a review. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 73(11): 807-810

Zhong, H.; Xu, K.; Shao, H., 2007: Transcatheter closure of bilateral multiple huge pulmonary arteriovenous malformations with homemade double-umbrella occluders. A 28-year-old man underwent successful transcatheter occlusion of three huge pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) using homemade double-umbrella occluders and stainless steel coils. Thoracic CT with three-dimensional reconstruction and pu...

Ding P., 1999: Field evidence for five Palaeoproterozoic orogenies in the northern and eastern Arunta Orogenic Province, central Australia. Abstracts - Geological Society of Australia 54: 22-23

Langham M.E., 1970: Symposium on the cornea macro molecular organization of a connective tissue section on physiology of the epithelium kyoto japan 1967. Langham, Maurice (Edited By) The Cornea Macromolecular Organization Of A Connective Tissue Ix + 239p Illus Johns Hopkins Press: Baltimore, Md , U S A And London, England 3-103

Zeiger, M., 1966: Research in washington: plans afoot for advanced study center. Science 154(3756): 1530-1531

Mendoza-López, M.Remedios.; Velez-Martínez, D.; Argumedo-Delira, R.; Alarcón, A.; García-Barradas, O.; Sánchez-Viveros, G.; Ferrera-Cerrato, R., 2016: Lipid extraction from the biomass of Trichoderma koningiopsis MX1 produced in a non-stirring culture for potential biodiesel production. NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">Oleaginous microorganisms such as microalgae, yeasts, bacteria and filamentous fungi are alternative sources of vegetal or animal fats for biodiesel production. This research evaluated the lipid production by...

Eremeev, G.P., 1955: On the paper of D Yakushkin What the life is in the history of the home natural sciences. Advances in Modern Biology Moscow, 402 5): 252-258

Zhou, L.; Wang, M.; Li, A., 2017: Analysis of Risk Factors of Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter Induced Catheter-related Infection in Patients with Leukemia. Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is commonly used in nursing for patients with leukemia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors of Catheter-related infection (CRI) in patients with leukemia and to provide some n...

Calhau, C.; Martel, F.; Pinheiro-Silva, S.; Pinheiro, H.; Soares-da-Silva, P.; Hipólito-Reis, C.; Azevedo, I., 2002: Modulation of insulin transport in rat brain microvessel endothelial cells by an ecto-phosphatase activity. The physiological function of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) remains controversial. It was recently suggested that this membrane-bound enzyme has a role in the modulation of transmembranar transport systems into hepatocytes and Caco-2 cells. ALP activ...