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Problems of textile medicine


, : Problems of textile medicine. Bild Wes 3(6): 462-472

Textile physiology was not founded until towards the end of the 19th century by Rubner. Its aim is to strive for harmony between the human body and its environment which includes the maintenance of the optimal body temperature without undue encumbrance. From the point of view of health protection textile materials should possess certain airkinetic properties which involve an interplay between body and air movements and certain hydrokinetic properties involving an interplay between water or vapour and the human body. These properties are explored on textiles made from natural and synthetic fibres. The concept of sorption heat in natural and synthetic materials is discussed and evaluated. The correct technique of testing textiles for their physiological properties is presented and the importance of clothing in extreme climates is discussed. The conclusion is reached that only the cooperation of textile technology, design and medicine can assure optimal physiological results in clothing.

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