+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

The effects of time interval between slaughter and freezing on toughness of fryers

, : The effects of time interval between slaughter and freezing on toughness of fryers. Poultry Sci 37(1): 231-235

Forty-eight White Rock fryers, 10 weeks old, were processed and placed in a freezer (-28[degree] F) at intervals of 40 minutes, 3 hours, 6 hours, and 24 hours after slaughter. Samples from each treatment were cooked from frozen state without prior thawing and after 24 hours, and 48 hours in a household refrigerator. The relative tenderness of chicken fryers was directly associated with the aging period. The average shearing force of a breast muscle decreased with an increase in holding time before freezing. No significant differences were found between treatments in tenderness of thigh muscles, but breast muscles in fryers held 6 and 24 hours were more tender (.01 level) than breast muscle of fryers held for only 40 minutes prior to freezing (panel evaluation).


DOI: 10.3382/ps.0370231

Other references

Rivlin R.S.; Fazekas A.G.; Chaudhuri R., 1975: Experimental approaches to the pathogenesis of cancer induced cachexia. Blondheim, S H (Ed ) Frontiers Of Internal Medicine, 1974 Twelfth International Congress Tel Aviv, Israel, Sept 8-13, 1974 Xxi+433p Illus S Karger: Basel, Switzerland; New York, N Y , U S A Isbn 3-8055-2205-3 175-180

Preston-Maher, G.L.; Torii, R.; Burriesci, G., 2016: A Technical Review of Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Replacements. Mitral regurgitation is one of the most common forms of heart valve disorder, which may result in heart failure. Due to the rapid ageing of the population, surgical repair and replacement treatments, which have represented an effective treatment i...

Tocher, M.D., 1993: Critical minimum body temperatures of Hoplodactylus maculatus from New Zealand. Critical minimum body temperature (CTMin) was determined for Hoplodactylus maculatus collected from two areas differing with respect to climate; Banks Peninsula (warm climate), and Craigieburn (cold climate). The CTMin was lower in winter than sum...

McCord, J.M.; Roy, R.S.; Schaffer, S.W., 1985: Free radicals and myocardial ischemia. The role of xanthine oxidase. Recent studies have established a major role for oxygen-derived free radicals in post ischemic tissue injury to the intestine. During ischemia, there appears to be a calcium-triggered, protease-dependent conversion of the native xanthine dehydroge...

Chambrette, V.; Laroche, P.; Lataillade, J.J.; Voisin, P., 1996: Technical report: Effect cryopreservation on chromosomal aberration yield in irradiated lymphocytes. Cryopreservation is the usual method to store cells before analysis or use, for instance for biological dosimetry purposes. Some investigations have shown that thawing following freezing may induce cell injury but few studies have been made of the...

Cupal, JJ., 1977: A portable microprocessor based heart-rate and animal activity recorder for use with biotelemetry. Proceedings of the International Conference on Wildlife Biotelemetry, 1: 9-14

Burden, M.L.; Burden, A.C., 1994: The American Diabetes Association screening questionnaire for diabetes. Is it worthwhile in the U.K.?. Diabetes Care 17(1): 97-97

Kudo, K., 1988: Early stages of Epipsammia confusa Sugi (Noctuidae). Japan Heterocerists' Journal, 392-394 No. 150

Whitten R.G.; Zimmerman L.J., 1982: Directions for miss deloria boas on the plains. Plains Anthropologist 27(96): 161-164

Kotlyarov I.I.; Moskalyuk T.A., 1975: Phytocenotic structure of larch forb horsetail stands in the south of the magadan oblast russian sfsr ussr. Lesovedenie (5): 20-30