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The relationship of congenital heart disease to premature birth

, : The relationship of congenital heart disease to premature birth. Amer Heart Jour 25(4): 449-453

Among 139 autopsies on prematurely born children only 3 cases of congenital cardiac malformation were found. Among 148 patients with congenital heart disease with known birth wt., 17 were found weighing less than 2,500 g. at birth. Among 172 cases in which the duration of pregnancy was ascertained, there were 17 patients who were born prematurely. The incidence of prematurity in these cases of congenital heart disease is about twice that in deliveries of infants with normal hearts. Nevertheless, only 1 of 19 patients with patency of the ductus arteriosus of this series weighed less than 2,500 g. at birth, all 4 with auricular septal defects were full term, and only 2 of 13 patients with the tetralogy of Fallot were premature.


DOI: 10.1016/s0002-8703(43)90483-1

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