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A psychopathological study of time-experience in psychasthenia and neurosis


, : A psychopathological study of time-experience in psychasthenia and neurosis. Bulletin of the Osaka Medical School 7: 121-129

The author studied the psychopathological disturbance of time-experience in obsessional psychosis (Zwangskrankheit), psychasthenia (P. Janet) and neurosis or nervousness (Morita). In the 1st chapter the concept was pointed out that there is a strong tendency in the human intellect to express everything, even the temporal, in terms of space (spatialization), but in the world of life time becomes independent of space and comes to have its own organization, that is to say, the organization of past, present and future. Time plays a fundamentally important role in our visual perception which is an event or creation in the world of life. Geometrical space without the concrete relationship of the "I-here-now", becomes the field of our behavior and conduct or the "Gestalt" which is identical with "experienced space" (E. Minkowski) or with the "space of dancing" (E. Straus), only when the time-element takes part in it. By use of illustrations, the author showed that the time-element is indispensable to our visual perceptions and it participates in them as the "flight from focus to focus". In the 2nd chapter, the symptoms of visual perception, that is to say, the compulsive inquiry about three-dimensional vision and binocular vision in an obsessional psychosis (Zwangskrankheit) and the loss of the sense of reality (sentiment d'irreel) in psychasthenia, were analyzed from the viewpoint of time-experience and fundamental disturbance was characterized as "isolation from the future". These patients live, as it were, only in the past (hypertrophy of the past). They are entirely determined by the past and there is no possibility of their freedom to live. The disturbance of time-experience in neurosis was studied in the last chapter and was characterized by the term "hypertrophy of the future". In other words, the future of every neurotic patient is too full of severe anxiety and large expectation in contrast to the colorless and dried future in psychotic and psychasthenic patients whose symptoms are due to "isolation from the future".

US$29.90

PMID: 14458617


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