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Agrobacterium tumefaciens Conn IV Bacteriophage PB2 and its inhibitory effect on tumor induction


, : Agrobacterium tumefaciens Conn IV Bacteriophage PB2 and its inhibitory effect on tumor induction. J Virol: 268-273

Strain B2 of Agrobacterium tumefaciens Conn produces plaques when seeded against strain B6-806 of the same organism. From such a plaque, a highly virulent bacteriophage was obtained by use of D'Herelle's technique of selecting for virulent phage. On nutrient agar, this phage, PB21, produced large clear plaques which did not overgrow. Plaques produced on a glutamate medium and on White's plant tissue culture medium were even larger and in White's medium had a three-dimensional appearance. PB21 does not appear to be an oncogenic virus. To the contrary, the addition of phage under circumstances which insure mass lysis completely inhibited tumor initiation. Fewer than 10 phage particles present at the beginning of a 21-hr induction period were able, at times, to inhibit completely tumor induction by highly virulent bacteria (strain B6). The data lend further support to the concept that anything which interferes with the metabolic activity associated with the growth of the bacteria interferes with the tumor-inducing process. Attempts to use the phage to rid crown gall tissue of bacteria were unsuccessful.

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PMID: 5623963


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