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Angiogenesis as a predictive marker of neurological outcome following hypoxia-ischemia

, : Angiogenesis as a predictive marker of neurological outcome following hypoxia-ischemia. Brain Research 1171: 111-121

Cerebral ischemia induces angiogenesis within and around infarcted tissue. The protection of existing and growth of new blood vessels may contribute to a more favorable outcome. The present study assessed whether angiogenesis can be used as a marker for neurodegeneration/neuroprotection in a model of hypoxia-ischemia (HI). Increased CD31 immunoreactivity 7 days post-HI indicated increased angiogenesis compared to controls (P<0.001). Treatment with the GABA(A) receptor modulator, clomethiazole (CMZ; 414 mg/kg/day), normalized the level of angiogenesis compared to HI + saline (P<0.001). Conversely, the non-selective nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, L-NAME (5 mg/kg/day), markedly decreased angiogenesis compared to controls (P<0.001). Circulating plasma levels of IL-1alpha, IL-1beta and GM-CSF were significantly elevated post-HI. CMZ treatment attenuated these increases while also stimulating IL-10 levels. L-NAME treatment did not alter IL-1alpha or IL-1beta levels, but decreased endogenous IL-10 levels and exacerbated the ischemic lesion (P<0.001). CMZ treatment has been shown to increase NOS levels, while L-NAME halted the HI-induced increase in NOS activity (P<0.001). We conclude that angiogenesis can be used as a marker of neurodegeneration/neuroprotection for cerebral HI and is correlated to NOS activity and circulating inflammatory mediators.


PMID: 17761153

DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2007.06.100

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