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Anthropological and genetical observations in the Kivu and Kasai-district of Belgian Kongo


, : Anthropological and genetical observations in the Kivu and Kasai-district of Belgian Kongo. Arch Julius Klaus Stiftung 25(1/2): 55-60

Observations are reported in 4 Bantu tribes (Baschi, Warega, Baluba and Basonge) which differ in body build. The Baschi are frequently leptosomic, the Warega and Baluba eurysomic, and in Basonge both types are found approx. in the same frequency. In Basonge twin-births appear in a ratio of 1:40, in the other tribes apparently seldom. Also in occurence of hereditary diseases differences exist: hexadactylia and associated abnormalities of the head are very frequent in Basonge (ca.10% of newborns and fetuses), but rare in the other 3 tribes. In comparison with it total albinism is more frequent (1:400) in Warega, but rare in the other 3 tribes, especially in Baschi. It seems that albinism in Africa is dominant. The possibility is discussed, that elephantiasis and "ainhum" also have a genetic foundation. Also the frequency of frambesia (endemic in Baschi) and leprosy (rather frequent in Warega, Baluba and Basonge) is different in these tribes. Carcinoma is seldom found in Central Africa.

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