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Arachidonic acid-induced Ca2+ entry is involved in early steps of tumor angiogenesis


, : Arachidonic acid-induced Ca2+ entry is involved in early steps of tumor angiogenesis. Molecular Cancer Research 6(4): 535-545

Growth factor-induced intracellular calcium signals in endothelial cells regulate cytosolic and nuclear events involved in the angiogenic process. Among the intracellular messengers released after proangiogenic stimulation, arachidonic acid (AA) plays a key role and its effects are strictly related to calcium homeostasis and cell proliferation. Here, we studied AA-induced intracellular calcium signals in endothelial cells derived from human breast carcinomas (B-TEC). AA promotes B-TEC proliferation and organization of vessel-like structures in vitro. The effect is directly mediated by the fatty acid without a significant contribution of its metabolites. AA induces Ca(2+)(i) signals in the entire capillary-like structure during the early phases of tubulogenesis in vitro. No such responses are detectable in B-TECs organized in more structured tubules. In B-TECs growing in monolayer, AA induces two different signals: a Ca(2+)(i) increase due to Ca(2+) entry and an inhibition of store-dependent Ca(2+) entry induced by thapsigargin or ATP. An inhibitor of Ca(2+) entry and angiogenesis, carboxyamidotriazole, significantly and specifically decreases AA-induced B-TEC tubulogenesis, as well as AA-induced Ca(2+) signals in B-TECs. We conclude that (a) AA-activated Ca(2+) entry is associated with the progression through the early phases of angiogenesis, mainly involving proliferation and tubulogenesis, and it is down-regulated during the reorganization of tumor-derived endothelial cells in capillary-like structures; and (b) inhibition of AA-induced Ca(2+) entry may contribute to the antiangiogenic action of carboxyamidotriazole.

US$19.90

PMID: 18403634

DOI: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-07-0271


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