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Factors affecting nonadherence with antibiotics

, : Factors affecting nonadherence with antibiotics. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease 15(4 Suppl): 103s-109s

Nonadherence with antibiotic therapy has profound implications both for patient health and the health care system that bears the financial costs incurred. Significant levels of nonadherence with antibiotic prescriptions have been demonstrated. Of the many proposed variables involved, those that are potentially modifiable relate to aspects of the doctor-patient interaction and drug regimen. Despite the potential for intervention with these variables, there have been very few methodologically sound studies examining their effect on adherence with either medications generally or antibiotics specifically. Only two studies were located that had tested the effectiveness of reduced complexity of antibiotic dosage schedules. The results suggest that the less complex the schedule, the greater is the adherence. Both practitioners and patients must be encouraged to use and accept simpler dosage schedules, preferably once-daily schedules wherever possible. The paucity of well-controlled studies to date highlights the need for further research evaluating intervention strategies that utilize variations in dosage schedule and elements of the doctor-patient interaction to improve adherence with antibiotic medications.


PMID: 1617921

DOI: 10.1016/0732-8893(92)90136-H

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