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Hexabromocyclododecane in white-sided dolphins: temporal trend and stereoisomer distribution in tissues


, : Hexabromocyclododecane in white-sided dolphins: temporal trend and stereoisomer distribution in tissues. Environmental Science & Technology 42(7): 2650-2655

Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) is a brominated flame retardant used primarily in expanded polystyrene foams and other styrene resins. Samples of blubber (n = 57) and liver (n = 16) from Atlantic white-sided dolphins, Lagenorhynchus acutus, that stranded on the eastern coast of United States between 1993 and 2004 were obtained from the National Marine Mammal Tissue Bank (NMMTB). Blubber samples from most of these animals (n = 47) were previously analyzed for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), and several toxaphene congeners. The three most abundant diastereomers in the technical HBCD mixture (alpha-HBCD, beta-HBCD, and gamma-HBCD) and their enantiomers were determined using liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). alpha-HBCD was found in all blubber and liver samples while beta-HBCD and gamma-HBCD were not detected in any samples. The alpha-HBCD concentration in blubber and liver ranged from 14 ng/g wet mass (19 ng/g lipid) to 280 ng/g wet mass (380 ng/g lipid) and 0.051 ng/g wet mass (2.9 ng/g lipid) to 3.6 ng/g wet mass (140 ng/g lipid), respectively. Concentrations of alpha-HBCD were 2 to 3 orders of magnitude lower than previously reported PBDE, PCB, and toxaphene concentrations in these same animals. There was not a significant temporal trend for these compounds in white-sided dolphin blubber. The enantiomeric fractions (EF) measured in blubber and liver were not statistically different and ranged from 0.34 to 0.53. Blubber El's were significantly correlated with both alpha-HBCD concentrations and white-sided dolphin body length. In general, concentrations of HBCDs were lower in these white-sided dolphins than in cetaceans from Western Europe.

US$19.90

PMID: 18505011

DOI: 10.1021/es072052v


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