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Long-term perspective on premature infant outcome and contemporary intervention issues

, : Long-term perspective on premature infant outcome and contemporary intervention issues. Seminars in Perinatology 21(3): 190-201

Despite improvements in survival rates for low birthweight (LBW) infants, the prevalence among survivors of major neurodevelopmental impairment seems relatively stable. Cerebral palsy, the most common major impairment, can usually be ruled out by 18 months corrected age. Minor impairments such as learning disabilities cannot be ruled out until much later. The efficacy of interventional services in this population was addressed by a national randomized trial. The intervention produced large treatment effects for heavier LBW infants and moderate effects for lighter infants. Five years later, modest residual effects were found for heavier LBW infants, but not for the lighter, suggesting that 0 to 3 services alone are not sufficient to prevent scholastic disadvantage in this population.


PMID: 9205975

DOI: 10.1016/s0146-0005(97)80063-8

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