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Pediatric bone marrow transplantation for leukemia and aplastic anemia. Report of 222 cases transplanted in a single center


, : Pediatric bone marrow transplantation for leukemia and aplastic anemia. Report of 222 cases transplanted in a single center. Nouvelle Revue Francaise D'hematologie 31(2): 111-114

We report a single center experience of 222 patients (pts) less than 18 years old transplanted from 1973 to 1987. The median age was 11 years (1-18). The donor was a monozygotic twin (9 pts), an HLA-id sibling (193 pts), an HLA-id, parent (9 pts), a mismatched related donor (9 pts) and a matched unrelated donor (1 pt). Ninety-six pts were transplanted for SAA. Conditioning varied with time but the majority (59 pts) received CY 150 mg/kg and 6 Gy TAI. The long term actuarial survival is 66% with a median follow-up of 3 years. The group who received CY 200 mg/kg and MTX had a 33% long term survival (LTS). GVH was the main complication with 40% acute and 37% chronic GVHD. Chronic GVHD tended to improve with time after 2 to 4 years of evolution. Ninety pts were transplanted for leukemia (35 AML, 45 ALL and 11 CGL), 20 pts were in relapse. Pts in CR had a LTS of 40%, in pts in relapse, it was 12%. The main causes of death were: interstitial pneumonitis (30%), relapse (27%), GVH (15%). Thirty-five pts were transplanted for constitutional disease: Fanconi anemia (FA) (26 pts), Dyskeratosis congenita (2 pts), Blackfan-Diamond erythroblastopenia (2 pts), Glanzmann thrombasthenia (1 pt), osteopetrosis (1 pt) and Gaucher's disease (1 pt). In FA, the LTS is 70% with a CY 20 mg/kg, 5 Gy TAI regimen. In all disease categories, we did not find any influence of donor's sex on GVH and survival.

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PMID: 2671924


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