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Protective effects of a neurotrophic ACTH analog on cisplatin ototoxicity in relation to the cisplatin dose An electrocochleographic study in albino guinea pigs


, : Protective effects of a neurotrophic ACTH analog on cisplatin ototoxicity in relation to the cisplatin dose An electrocochleographic study in albino guinea pigs. Hearing Research. 124(1-2): 108-117,.

Cisplatin is a potent cell cycle non-specific chemotherapeutic agent that produces side effects including high-frequency hearing loss. Hamers et al. (1994) studied electrophysiologically the effect of an ACTH(4-9) analog, also known as ORG2766, on the ototoxicity of cisplatin (administered at 2 mg/kg/day for 8 days) in guinea pigs. ORG2766 was given concomitantly with cisplatin during the 8 day period and an additional dose was given on day 9. The conclusion of this study was that ORG2766 might partially prevent cisplatin ototoxicity, but that the chosen cisplatin dose (2 mg/kg/day; 8 days) might have been too high. Because of the high cisplatin dose the protective power of the co-treatment with ORG2766 might not have stretched to all animals. In this study the results of co-treatment with the same dose and daily schedule of ORG2766 and cisplatin doses of 1.0 mg/kg/day and 1.5 mg/kg/day for 8 days are presented. The measurements were performed over a broad range of frequencies (0.5-16 kHz). Electrocochleography was performed at day 10. In the 1.0 mg/kg/day group there was no beneficial effect of ORG2766, although a tendency towards a division between a subgroup resembling control animals and a subgroup with severe cisplatin effects was noted in the co-treated group. In the 1.5 mg/kg/day co-treated group three animals showed compound action potential (CAP) amplitudes close to those of the controls at all frequencies except the very highest (12 and 16 kHz), the remaining three had CAP amplitudes comparable to those of animals in the cisplatin alone group. The effect of ORG2766 on the latter group of six animals taken together was statistically significant. The dichotomy in the results for the 1.5 mg/kg/day group co-treated with ORG2766 suggests that ORG2766 may have a protective effect against cisplatin ototoxicity which, however, depends on a factor currently unknown.

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PMID: 9822908


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