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The adult eclosion rhythm in Hyphantria cunea Endogenous and exogenous light effects

, : The adult eclosion rhythm in Hyphantria cunea Endogenous and exogenous light effects. Biological Rhythm Research 25(4): 464-476

Endogenous and exogenous effects of light on adult eclosion in Hyphantria cunea were tested by exposure to various light regimes. Regression analysis showed that the position of the eclosion peak after lights on was proportional to the length of the photophase, and that the peak was influenced by the timing of both lights-on and lights-off. Under photoperiods of 2-12 hours LD cycle, the eclosion peak was situated after lights-off, but moved into the light phase as the photophase increased to 22 hours. Pupae were exposed to 3 "skeleton" photoperiods of LDLD2:2:6:14, 4:2:4:14 and 6:2:2:14. Under the first of these, most adults emerged at the start or just before the longest dark period. Under the second and third skeleton regimes, 20% and 70% respectively of pupae emerged during the shorter dark period. When the compound eyes of the pharate adults were covered, adults emerged 1-4 hours before lights-off under LD10:14, compared to a control group which emerged just after lights-off. When pupae were transferred from LD to LL or DD conditions, the eclosion peak occurred approximately every 24 hours after the last LD peak. Results suggest that light received by the compound eyes influences the eclosion rhythm, either through an exogenous masking effect, or by altering the phase of the pacemaker controlling eclosion.


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