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The antiquity of Madagascars grasslands and the rise of C4 grassy biomes

, : The antiquity of Madagascars grasslands and the rise of C4 grassy biomes. Journal Of Biogeography: 10, 1743-1758

Aim: Grasslands and savannas, which make up >75% of Madagascar's land area, have long been viewed as anthropogenically derived after people settled on the island <i>c.</i> 2 ka. We investigated this hypothesis and an alternative - that the grasslands are an insular example of the post-Miocene spread of C<sub>4</sub> grassy biomes world-wide. Location: Madagascar, southern Africa, East Africa.


DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2008.01923.x

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