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The temporal dynamics of the stress response

, : The temporal dynamics of the stress response. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 21(6): 775-782, Nov

This paper summarises the available evidence that failure of defense mechanisms in (semi)-natural social groups of animals may lead to serious forms of stress pathology. Hence the study of social stress may provide animal models with a high face validity. However, most of the animal models of human stress-disorders have concentrated on the consequences of chronic exposure to stressors. The present paper considers recent data, indicating that a single experience with a major stressor in the form of social defeat may have long-term consequences ranging from hours to days and weeks. It seems that the experience of a major stressor sensitizes the animal to subsequent stressors. The consequences of these long-term temporal dynamics of the stress response to the development of stress-related disorders and stress-vulnerability are discussed.


DOI: 10.1016/s0149-7634(96)00057-7

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