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Long-circulating poly -poly block copolymer micelles with modulated surface charge


, : Long-circulating poly -poly block copolymer micelles with modulated surface charge. Journal of Controlled Release 77(1-2): 27-38, 9 November

Reactive polymeric micelles consisting of an alpha-acetal-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(D,L-lactide) block copolymer (acetal-PEG-PDLLA) with a narrow size distribution were prepared in this study to conjugate small peptidyl ligands, tyrosine (Tyr) and tyrosyl-glutamic acid (Tyr-Glu), through reductive amination after converting the alpha-acetal group to an aldehyde group, allowing modulation of the surface charge of the micelles from neutral (Tyr-) to anionic (Tyr-Glu-). Both of these micelles showed a significantly long circulating time in the blood compartment with 25% of injected dose still circulating even at 24 h. Further, an appreciably lowered uptake into the liver and spleen was demonstrated for the anionic Tyr-Glu-conjugated PEG-PDLLA micelle compared with a neutral Tyr-conjugated micelle, suggesting a substantial role of the slight anionic charge on the micelle surface in avoiding non-specific organ uptake. Stability of the micelle form in the blood compartment was directly observed for the Tyr-PEG-PDLLA micelle by a gel filtration assay of a plasma sample collected from the micelle-injected mice at 24 h. These results demonstrated that a surface-modulated PEG-PDLLA micelle with a suitable size and a narrowly distributed nature has promising potential as a long-circulating carrier system with desirable biocompatibility and biofunctionality.

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