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Magnetic resonance imaging early after acute myocardial infarction. A visual analysis of myocardial perfusion based on a 17 segment model

, : Magnetic resonance imaging early after acute myocardial infarction. A visual analysis of myocardial perfusion based on a 17 segment model. Annales de Cardiologie et D'angeiologie 52(1): 7-14

Magnetic resonance imaging allows an accurate calculation of the left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular volumes. Additionally, it makes possible to assess myocardial perfusion after gadolinium chelate injection. Late after the injection, the presence of a myocardial hyper-enhancement can be visualized. The present study has used the 17 segment standardized nomenclature for tomographic imaging of the heart as recommended for all cardiac imaging modalities. Sixty nine patients were studied after a revascularised myocardial infarction. All patients had Timi grade 3 flow in the infarct-related artery after therapy. Regional and global function was studied using cine MR short axis slices. The gadolinium chelate first pass was scored using a 5 level scale reflecting the transmural extent of the segmental myocardial enhancement. The delayed enhancement due to gadolinium accumulation in the myocardium 10 min post injection was scored in the same manner. Left ventricular ejection fraction was 51 +/- 13%. Segmental thickening parameters (systolic thickness, absolute thickening and relative thickening) appeared statistically related to the hypoperfusion and delayed enhancement scores. Absolute myocardial thickening varied from 4.8 +/- 2.7 mm in the myocardial segments free of any delayed enhancement to 2.4 +/- 2.1 mm in segments presenting with a transmural extent of the delayed hyper-enhancement. Scores obtained after gadolinium injection were also well correlated with the global left ventricular function (r = 0.65, p < 0.01 for late enhancement). Magnetic resonance imaging of the heart allows a precise characterisation of revascularised myocardium which makes this technique very attractive for evaluating the treatments designed to improve myocardial microperfusion.


PMID: 12710289

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