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Magnetic stimulation coil and circuit design

, : Magnetic stimulation coil and circuit design. IEEE Transactions on Bio-Medical Engineering 47(11): 1493-1499

A detailed analysis of the membrane voltage rise commensurate with the electrical charging circuit of a typical magnetic stimulator is presented. The analysis shows how the membrane voltage is linked to the energy, reluctance, and resonant frequency of the electrical charging circuit. There is an optimum resonant frequency for any nerve membrane depending on its capacitive time constant. The analysis also shows why a larger membrane voltage will be registered on the second phase of a biphasic pulse excitation [1]. Typical constraints on three key quantities voltage, current, and silicone controlled rectifier (SCR) switching time dictate key components such as capacitance, inductance, and choice of turns.


PMID: 11077743

DOI: 10.1109/10.880101

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