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Magnetically suspended fluid pump and control system

, : Magnetically suspended fluid pump and control system. Official Gazette of the United States Patent & Trademark Office Patents 1257(4), Apr 23

A blood pump for assisting a heart is provided having a stator and a rotor. The rotor is magnetically radially supported creating a suspension gap between the stator and the rotor. The rotor can be supported axially by a Lorentz force bearing and can be magnetically rotated. The stator can have a single or double volute pump chamber and the rotor can have an impeller portion for pumping blood. The rotor can have a center bore as a primary blood flowpath. The suspension gap can be a secondary blood flowpath. The blood pump can also have an axial position controller and a flow rate controller. The axial position controller can cause the axial bearing to adjust the position of the rotor. The flow rate controller can have a member for measuring a dimension of a heart ventricle to control the flow rate to avoid overly distending or contracting the ventricle. A method of operating the flow rate controller to create a pulsatile flow rate is also provided. Additionally, the blood pump can be part of a cardiac assist and arrhythmia control system. Moreover, a method of operating the flow rate controller can be provided which reduces the amount of energy needed to treat fibrillation. The method can include operating the flow rate controller to reduce a radial dimension of the ventricle prior to delivering defibrillation energy such that the ventricle contains less blood which absorbs less energy so that a larger fraction of the energy is delivered to the heart.


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