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P53-independent down-regulation of Mdm2 in human cancer cells treated with adriamycin

, : P53-independent down-regulation of Mdm2 in human cancer cells treated with adriamycin. Molecular Cell Biology Research Communications 3(2): 122-128

Mdm2 is a nuclear phosphoprotein which functions as a negative feedback regulator of the p53 tumor suppressor gene. In this study, we investigated the alteration of Mdm2 and p53 in three human cancer cell lines containing either a wild-type or mutant p53 gene after treatment with Adriamycin (doxorubicin, ADR), a DNA damaging agent. We found that human breast cancer MCF-7 cells containing wild-type p53 were much more susceptible to ADR compared to human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 and human prostate cancer Du-145 cells which contain mutant p53. ADR resulted in a significant dose-dependent accumulation of p53 protein in MCF-7 cells, whereas little or no influence was observed on p53 protein of the two mutant p53 cell lines. However, a significant down-regulation of Mdm2 at protein and mRNA levels was observed in these three cell lines following ADR treatment. Moreover, the decrease of Mdm2 was in both a dose- and time-dependent manner. It is interestingly noted that 5 microM is a critical dose for significant down-regulation of the Mdm2 protein. Selected proteasome inhibitors did not rescue the ADR-caused decline in the expression of Mdm2 protein. Therefore, our present results reveal that ADR can induce a down-regulation of Mdm2 via a p53-independent pathway in human cancer cells and the ubiquitin-proteasome degradation mechanism may not be involved in the decreased expression of Mdm2 protein.


PMID: 10775510

DOI: 10.1006/mcbr.2000.0201

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