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Treatment of municipal solid waste leachate using a submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactor at mesophilic and psychrophilic temperatures: analysis of recalcitrants in the permeate using GC-MS


, : Treatment of municipal solid waste leachate using a submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactor at mesophilic and psychrophilic temperatures: analysis of recalcitrants in the permeate using GC-MS. Water Research 44(3): 671-680

This study investigated the performance of two submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactors (SAMBRs) operating at a mean solids residence time (SRT) of 30 (SAMBR30) and 300 days (SAMBR300) at mesophilic and psychrophilic temperatures. At 35 degrees C results showed that SAMBR30 and 300 could achieve 95% soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD) removal at 1.5 and 1.1 days HRT, respectively, whereas at 20 degrees C only SAMBR300 could maintain the same performance. Low temperatures were associated with higher bulk SCOD concentrations, which contributed to reducing the flux, but this was partly reversible once the SCOD was degraded. The utilization rate of compounds was affected differently by the drop in temperature with the concentration of some recalcitrants increasing, while for others such as bisphenol A it decreased when the temperature was decreased. Among the recalcitrants detected in SAMBR30 at 20 degrees C there were not only long chain fatty acids such as undecanoic acid and dodecanoic acid, but also long chain alkanes such as tetracosane and heneicosane that could not be hydrolyzed at 20 degrees C. In SAMBR300 these alkanes and acids only appeared at 10 degrees C, whereas at 20 degrees C complex compounds such as phenol, 2-chloro-4-(1,1-dimethylethyl), 6-tert-butyl-2,4-dimethylphenol, benzophenone, and n-butyl benzenesulfonamide were found.

US$19.90

PMID: 19822341

DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2009.09.043


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