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Social distance modulates recipient's fairness consideration in the dictator game: an ERP study

, : Social distance modulates recipient's fairness consideration in the dictator game: an ERP study. Biological Psychology 88(2-3): 253-262

Previous research showed that social distance (e.g., being friends or strangers) influences people's fairness consideration and other-regarding behavior. However, it is not entirely clear how social distance influences the recipient's evaluation of (un)fair behavior. In this study, we let people play a dictator game in which they received (un)fair offers from either friends or strangers while their brain potentials were recorded. showed that the medial frontal negativity (MFN), a component associated with the processing of expectancy violation, was more negative-going in response to unfair than to fair offers from friends whereas it did not show differential responses to offers. Highlights: Social distance influences fairness consideration and other-regarding behavior. Participants received offers from friends or strangers. The MFN was more negative-going in response to unfair than to fair offers from friends. The P3 was more positive for fair than for unfair offers whether friends or strangers made the offers. Brain responses to violation of social norms is modulated by social distance.


PMID: 21889968

DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.08.009

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