+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Body and self in dolphins

, : Body and self in dolphins. Consciousness and Cognition 21(1): 526-545

In keeping with recent views of consciousness of self as represented in the body in action, empirical studies are reviewed that demonstrate a bottlenose dolphin s (Tursiops truncatus) conscious awareness of its own body and body parts, implying a representational body image system. Additional work reviewed demonstrates an advanced capability of dolphins for motor imitation of self-produced behaviors and of behaviors of others, including imitation of human actions, supporting hypotheses that dolphins have a sense of agency and ownership of their actions and may implicitly attribute those levels of self-awareness to others. Possibly, a mirror-neuron system, or its functional equivalent to that described in monkeys and humans, may mediate both self-awareness and awareness of others.The sense of self in dolphins is rooted in the body in action. Referential understanding and use of body parts suggests conscious body image. Self- and social-imitation capabilities reveal senses of agency and ownership. Motor imitation may act as a social signal affirming relationships with others. Mirror system, if existing, may support social imitation..


PMID: 22105086

DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2011.10.005

Other references

Powell, GVN.; Powell, AH.; Paul, N., 1988: Brother, can you spare a fish?. Natural History, 972: 34-39

Talukder, M.H.; Jabeen, S.; Shaheen, S.; Islam, M.J.; Haque, M., 2007: Pattern of cancer in young adults at National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital (NICRH), Bangladesh. This is an analysis of 1624 young adults (20-44 years) new cancer patients who attended Out Patient Department of NICRH in 2005 from 01 January to 31 December. This study was carried out to know the age and sex distribution and types of cancer the...

Weimerskirch, H.; Wilson, RP., 1992: When do wandering albatrosses Diomedea exulans forage?. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 863: 297-300

Hinckley S., 1987: The reproductive biology of walleye pollock theragra chalcogramma in the bering sea with reference to spawning stock structure. The reproductive biology of walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma, in the Bering Sea was studied from collections of ovaries and observations of spawning in 1983. Spawning occurred in the Aleutian Basin from January through March, in the southeas...

Hiekel, D., 1989: Planning material need in the laboratories for stomatological technics on the basis of material consumption. Zahntechnik; Zeitschrift für Theorie und Praxis der Wissenschaftlichen Zahntechnik 30(5): 212-216

Mulcahy, M.J.; Murphy, M.F., 1969: Effect of treatment after manufacture on the keeping quality of butter. Quality of butter made from cream which had been stored overnight at 2 degrees C was influenced by treatment between manufacture and printing, but not by type of vat (wooden, stainless steel or Contimab MB5 continuous buttermaker). The following p...

Riel, R.R., 1955: Variation in fat constants of genuine Canadian milk fat. Monthly samples were obtained from 29 butter factories throughout Canada for a year, and the Reichert-Meissl and Polenske values and the refractive indices determined on the butterfat. Each sample represented 200-100, 000 cows (average 1, 400) and...

Zebro, T.; Stachura, J.; Próchnicka, B.; Szczepkowski, T., 1965: Studies on chemical protection from ionizing radiation. 3. Dynamics of hematologic changes in mice treated with sodium cysteinethiosulfonate before irradiation with large doses of x-rays. Acta Medica Polona 6(2): 155-169

Pligin Y.V.; Emel'yanova L.V., 1989: Results of acclimatization of invertebrates from the caspian fauna in the dnieper river and in its reservoirs ussr. Of 25 species of macroinvertebrates of the Caspian fauna (Polychaeta, Gammaridae, Mysidae, Cumacea and Mollusca) introduced to the Dnieper River and its reservoirs in 1940-1960 12 species were naturalized and acclimated having formed high-producti...

Bergholz, W., 2008: Quality management (TQM) in public health-care (PHC): principles for cost-performance calculations and cost reductions with better quality. In many high-tech industries, quality management (QM) has enabled improvements of quality by a factor of 100 or more, in combination with significant cost reductions. Compared to this, the application of QM methods in health care is in its initial...