geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

What Weve Learned From Mistakes Insights From Error-Related Brain Activity


, : What Weve Learned From Mistakes Insights From Error-Related Brain Activity. Current Directions in Psychological Science 21(2): 101-106

The error-related negativity (ERN) is a neural measure of error processing that peaks just 5 milliseconds after subjects make mistakes. Although previously conceptualized in purely cognitive terms, data increasingly suggest that the ERN is related to motivation and affect. The ERN has consistently been linked to individual differences in trait anxiety. Indeed, the ERN is itself trait-like, demonstrating high heritability and stability over time. The evidence suggests that an increased ERN is a viable biomarker of risk for anxiety disorders. The ERN is also sensitive to variation in the perceived consequences of making an error (i.e., error value): Punishing errors has a lasting effect on the ERN-an effect that is larger among more anxious individuals. Collectively, these data indicate that individual differences in anxiety and learning history could interact to influence the ERN-and that the ERN could be used to better understand trajectories of risk for anxiety disorders across development.

US$19.90

DOI: 10.1177/0963721412436809


Other references

Holmgren, A.; Jonsson, B.; Sjostrand, T., 1960: Circulatory data in normal subjects at rest and during exercise in recumbent position, with special reference to the stroke volume at different work intensities. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 49: 343-363

Ariga, H.; Harada, N., 2008: Evolution of IGRA researches. The progress of genomic analysis in mycobacterium including M. tuberculosis (Mtb) allowed us to find Mtb-specific antigens, ESAT-6 and CFP-10, which induce strong interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) from sensitized T cells. Shortly after discovery of the...

Raw, A.; Egler, I., 1985: A new Brazilian termite species and the first record of soldier dimorphism in the genus Orthognathotermes Isoptera, Termitidae. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 26: 333-337

Wixon, J.; Kell, D., 2000: The Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes--KEGG. Transposable DNA elements jump from one location in the genome to another. But, the cut-and-paste molecular machinations that support this nomadic lifestyle are still being unraveled. In their Perspective, Williams and Baker at the Massachusetts I...

Carey, J.M.; Byrdy, F.A.; Caruso, J.A., 1993: Alternate methods of sample introduction for plasma mass spectrometry. The most common method of sample introduction for plasma mass spectrometry is solution nebulization, which suffers from a number of short-comings; therefore, a great deal of effort has been placed on the investigation of other sample introduction...

Waller, J., 2009: A forgotten plague: making sense of dancing mania. Lancet 373(9664): 624-625

Shelud'ko, Yu. M.; Kozar, F.Y., 1967: On the virulence of Potato virus X under different climatic conditions in the U.S.S.R. Comparative studies were made of 3 pathogenically different strs. of the virus obtained from the semi-arid areas of S. Kazakhstan, the temperate Kiev region, and the N.W. of the R.S.F.S.R. Interference experiments and serological tests showed that...

Strel' nikova, L.V., 1973: Study of variation in hybrids of spring barley. In certain characters the reciprocal hybrids studied inclined towards the female parent and in others towards the male one or else they showed intermediate inheritance. The differences between the reciprocal hybrids were greatest when the varietie...

Pankova E.I., 2002: Facial specificity of soil salinization in ultracontinental deserts of the subboreal zone of Asia. The works of E. V. Lobova devoted to facial specificity of desert soils in the subboreal zone of Asia are analyzed. Characterization of the soils is given. Special attention is paid to soil salinization as one of the most distinctive features char...

Tziridis, A.; Rauh, D.; Neumann, P.; Kolenko, P.; Menzel, A.; Bräuer, U.; Ursel, C.; Steinmetzer, P.; Stürzebecher, Jörg.; Schweinitz, A.; Steinmetzer, T.; Stubbs, M.T., 2015: Correlating structure and ligand affinity in drug discovery: a cautionary tale involving second shell residues. A high-resolution crystallographic structure determination of a protein-ligand complex is generally accepted as the 'gold standard' for structure-based drug design, yet the relationship between structure and affinity is neither obvious n...