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Patterns of early transmission of pandemic influenza in London - link with deprivation

, : Patterns of early transmission of pandemic influenza in London - link with deprivation. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses 6(3): E35-E41

During the early containment phase in England from April to June 29, the national strategy for H1N1 pandemic influenza involved case investigation and treatment, and tracing and prophylaxis of contacts.To describe the relationship between early transmission of H1N1 pandemic influenza in London and age and socio-economic status. Epidemiological data on cases of pandemic flu in London reported to the London Flu Response Centre were analysed to determine patterns of transmission. There were 3487 reported cases (222 confirmed, 1272 presumed and 14 probable) from 2 April to 28 June 29, during the containment period. The highest report rate of 26 per 1 (95% CI 195 218) was seen in primary school age children (5?11 years) followed by 129 (95% CI 119 139) in secondary school age children (12 18 years). Reports of cases were initially concentrated in affluent areas but overall showed a clear trend with deprivation and risk ratio of 2 32 (95% CI 1 94 2 78) between the most deprived and the least deprived. Early transmissions were highest amongst school-aged children but linked with socio-economic deprivation across all age groups.


PMID: 22236079

DOI: 10.1111/j.1750-2659.2011.00327.x

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