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Therapeutic strategies to deplete macrophages in atherosclerotic plaques

, : Therapeutic strategies to deplete macrophages in atherosclerotic plaques. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 74(2): 246-263

Macrophages can be found in all stages of atherosclerosis and are major contributors of atherosclerotic plaque development, progression and destabilization. Continuous recruitment of monocytes drives this chronic inflammatory disease, which can be intervened by several strategies: reducing the inflammatory stimulus by lowering circulating lipids and promoting cholesterol efflux from plaque, direct and indirect targeting of adhesion molecules and chemokines involved in monocyte adhesion and transmigration, and inducing macrophage death in atherosclerotic plaques in combination with anti-inflammatory drugs. This review discusses the outlined strategies to deplete macrophages from atherosclerotic plaque to promote plaque stabilization.


PMID: 22309283

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2125.2012.04211.x

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