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Differential impact of risk factors for women and men on the risk of major depressive disorder


, : Differential impact of risk factors for women and men on the risk of major depressive disorder. Annals of Epidemiology 22(6): 388-396

Our aim is to examine which risk factors have a greater impact in women than in men on the risk of major depressive disorder (MDD) and whether factors differ between a possible recurrent MDD and a first onset of MDD. Prospective cohort study of general practice attendees in seven countries, who were followed up at 6 and 12 months (predictD). Absolute risk differences (interaction contrast) across sex for onset of DSM-IV MDD after 6 or 12 months of follow-up were estimated for 35 risk factors from 711 participants without MDD at baseline. A total of 599 participants (8% female) had an onset of MDD at 6 or 12 months. Most risk factors had a greater impact in women than in men on the risk of MDD and were not restricted to a specific class of risk factors. After we stratified for a history of depressive symptoms, we found that the impact of risk factors across sex was generally stronger on possible recurrent MDD than on a first onset of MDD. Our findings may partly account for the observed difference in incidence of MDD between men and women.

US$19.90

PMID: 22625996

DOI: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2012.04.011


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