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Effect of incremental exercise on airway and systemic inflammation in patients with COPD


, : Effect of incremental exercise on airway and systemic inflammation in patients with COPD. Journal of Applied Physiology 112(12): 2049-2056

Airway and systemic inflammation are features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and there is growing interest in clarifying the inflammatory processes. Strenuous exercise induces an intensified systemic inflammatory response in patients with COPD, but no study has investigated the airway inflammatory and anti-inflammatory responses to exercise. Twenty steroid-naïve, ex-smokers with diagnosed COPD (forced expired volume in 1 s = 66 ± 12%) underwent baseline collection of venous blood and induced sputum followed by an incremental exercise test to symptom limitation 48 h later. Additional venous blood samples were collected following exercise at , 2, and 24 h, while induced sputum was collected 2 and 24 h after exercise. Sputum and blood samples were analyzed for differential cell count, CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes (serum only), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-1, chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 (CCL5), and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (serum only). There was an increase in the number of sputum eosinophils (cells/gram, P = .12) and a reduction in sputum IL-6 (P = .1) 24 h postexercise. Sputum IL-8 and CCL5 were also persistently decreased after exercise (P = .98 and P = .12, respectively), but sputum IL-1 did not change. There was a decrease in serum eosinophils 2 h after exercise (P = .14) and a reduction in serum CCL5 immediately following and 2 h postexercise (P < .1). Both serum eosinophils and CCL5 returned to baseline levels within 24 h. An acute bout of exercise resulted in a significant increase in the number of sputum eosinophils, which may be mediated by serum CCL5. However, there was also a reduction in sputum proinflammatory cytokines, suggesting some anti-inflammatory effect of exercise in the lungs of steroid-naïve patients with COPD.

US$19.90

PMID: 22500008

DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01615.2011


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