geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Depression, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in relation to nutritional status and outcome in severe anorexia nervosa


, : Depression, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in relation to nutritional status and outcome in severe anorexia nervosa. Psychiatry Research 200(2-3): 513-517

Depression, anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorder are frequently reported to co-occur with anorexia nervosa (AN). There is clinical consensus that depressive symptoms and anxiety may in part be sequelae of malnutrition in AN. However, evidence-based data are still very rare. The present study among severe AN patients investigates links between these psychological variants and nutritional status at admission and subsequent to nutritional rehabilitation. Twenty-four women with AN diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV (DSM-IV) were included prospectively and consecutively at hospitalisation. Nutritional status was assessed by body mass index (BMI). Several psychological aspects were assessed using various scales for depression, anxiety, social phobia, obsessive and eating behaviour symptoms. Follow-up weights and heights at 4 12 years after hospital discharge were measured in 18 patients. BMI and all the scores except the Yale-Brown obsessive compulsive scale (Y-BOCS) showed significant improvement between admission and discharge. This study highlights the fact that some of the depressive and anxiety symptoms at least partially decrease with nutrition rehabilitation. The improvement in the scores on the psychometric scales between admission and discharge was not correlated with BMI improvement. Psychometric scores at admission and at discharge were not correlated with BMI at follow-up. BMI at follow-up was correlated with minimum lifetime BMI (r=.486, P=.4). Future studies should use a better indicator for nutritional status than BMI alone, and should also consider the initial degree of weight loss and the rate at which weight was lost.

US$19.90

PMID: 22703719

DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.04.032


Other references

Romero, E.; Olea, I.; Scandaliaris, J., 1992: Sugar losses associated with harvesting and transport of the raw material. The major factors which affect efficiency and economics of the harvesting and transport stages of sugar production are detailed and an estimation is presented of sugar losses associated with the performance of different sugarcane harvest systems i...

Nassereddin, R.A.; Yamani, M.I., 2005: Microbiological quality of sous and tamarind, traditional drinks consumed in Jordan. This study was conducted to evaluate the microbiological quality of sous (a drink prepared by extracting dried roots of Glycyrrhiza glabra) and tamarind (a drink prepared by infusing Tamarindus indica dried pulp), traditional drinks consumed in Jo...

Lombello, C.B.; Wada, M.L.; Dolder, H., 2000: Morphological aspects of cultured rat seminiferous tubules in the presence of fetal calf serum and follicle-stimulating hormone. Culturing seminiferous tubules allows the analysis of spermatogenesis under controlled conditions. Reproducing the specific microenvironment for germ cells is a challenge taken up by various studies. The difficulty in supplementing all nutrients a...

Lease, L.R., 2003: Ancestry determination using mesiodistal measurements of deciduous teeth. American Journal of Physical Anthropology Supplement (36): 137

Castineiras, A.; Hernandez, LR., 1980: Nuevas hospederos de Spilochalcis hirtifemora (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae) para Cuba. Poeyana, 1-9 No. 209

Howes, V., 2001: Anyone for teams?. Practising Midwife 3(4): 46-46

Chrenek, J., 1980: The performance of Black Pied cattle in Slovakia. 2. Dairy performance. For 48 Danish Black Pied females imported as pregnant heifers to Czechoslovakia and 85 of their female progeny, the 305-day milk yield averaged 3774 and 3429 kg resp. in the 1st lactation, 3646 and 4001 kg in the 2nd, 4459 and 4311 kg in the 3rd,...

Knyazev, A.N.; Chudakova, I.V., 1994: Effect of the endocrine system on the interaction of the mechanoreceptor systems in the ontogeny of different sex insects. Uspekhi Fiziologicheskikh Nauk 25(3): 41

Brillinger David R.; Preisler Haiganoush K., 1984: An exploratory analysis of the Joyner-Boore attenuation data. Joyner and Boore (1981) present a set of strong-motion data and from it derive equations for predicting peak horizontal acceleration as a function of moment magnitude and fault distance. In our work, exploratory data analysis procedures are applie...

Farinha Ramos J.M.; Viegas L.F.S., 1980: Prospecting for scheelite mineralization in northern Portugal. Comunicacoes dos Servicos Geologicos de Portugal 66: 151-165