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Evaluation of a self-instructional package on discrete-trials teaching to parents of children with autism

, : Evaluation of a self-instructional package on discrete-trials teaching to parents of children with autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 6(4): 1321-1330

The purpose of this research was to evaluate a self-instructional package (Fazzio & Martin, 27) to train parents of children with autism to conduct discrete-trials teaching (D). In Study 1, we investigated the effectiveness of a self-instructional manual and a self-instructional video for teaching five parents of children with autism to correctly apply D to teach three tasks to a confederate who role-played a child with autism, and to their own child when possible. Following an average of 4.76h of training, the package produced a strong effect with three parents and a weak effect with two parents. In Study 2, we investigated the effectiveness of the self-instructional manual combined with role-playing and feedback, plus the self-instructional video, for teaching an additional five parents. Following an average of 4.68h of training, all five parents demonstrated large, clinically significant gains in their performance of D, both with a confederate as well as with their own child, with a minimal investment of one-on-one instructor time. These results suggest that the training package in Study 2 has considerable potential as an effective, efficient and acceptable method of training parents of children with autism to apply D. A self-instructional package was evaluated to train parents to conduct D. The package combined with role-play was an effective teaching method. Gains were evident when parents worked with a confederate and with their own child. The teaching package was cost-effective and well received by parents.


DOI: 10.1016/j.rasd.2012.05.001

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