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Prevencion de la obesidad desde la actividad física del discurso teorico a la practica

, : Prevencion de la obesidad desde la actividad física del discurso teorico a la practica.

En la gran mayor a de pa ses, la obesidad infantil ha aumentado de manera considerable en los ltimos a os. Los ni os con obesidad presentan numerosas comorbilidades, ya desde la infancia, lo cual puede acarrear consecuencias graves en la vida adulta. Desde el punto de vista sanitario, lo m s adecuado para afrontar este problema es la prevenci n primaria. Este art culo se dedica a sintetizar los distintos aspectos relevantes desde el punto de vista de la prevenci n de la obesidad infantil y, en concreto, los relacionados con la pr ctica de actividad f sica. Para ello, los profesionales de la salud y de la educaci n tienen un papel destacado. En todos los casos, es necesario realizar la evaluaci n de los programas, con el fin de saber si son realmente eficaces. Los nuevos programas que se deben desarrollar deber n estar basados en experiencias previas que hayan tenido resultados positivos. Como la mayor a de las intervenciones hasta el momento actual no han sido de gran eficacia, es necesaria mucha m s investigaci n en este campo en el futuro. Childhood obesity has increased considerably in most countries in recent years. Obese children already have many co-morbidities since infancy, which can have serious consequences in adulthood. From a health standpoint, the most appropriate to address this problem is primary prevention. This article aims to summarize the relevant aspects from the point of view of prevention of childhood obesity, and in particular to those related to physical activity. To this end, health and education professionals have a role. In all cases, it is necessary to perform the evaluation of programs to see if they are really effective. Developing new programs should be based on previous experiences that had positive results. As most interventions to date have not been very effective, much more research is needed in this area in the future.


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