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Practicas de alimentacion, nutricion y situacion socioeconomica en hogares con niños prematuros en Guanajuato Mexico

, : Practicas de alimentacion, nutricion y situacion socioeconomica en hogares con niños prematuros en Guanajuato Mexico.

Describir las pr cticas de alimentaci n, nutrici n y la situaci n socioecon mica en hogares con ni os prematuros. Estudio descriptivo y transversal en 1 prematuros, de 3 a 36 semanas de gestaci n; se obtuvo el peso, la longitud y el per metro cef lico al nacer. Deb an pertenecer a comunidades rurales y urbanas. Al momento del egreso hospitalario, se aplic una encuesta a las madres de los prematuros para la situaci n alimentaria, nutricia y socioecon mica de los hogares. Los neonatos pret rmino fueron reclutados del Hospital Materno Infantil de Le n, Guanajuato. La edad gestacional promedio de los prematuros fue de 34 semanas (rango de 26 a 36 semanas de gestaci n). El peso, la longitud y el per metro cef lico promedio al nacimiento fueron de 2.7g (659 a 3.75g); 43,7cm (3 a 52cm) y 32,4cm (28 a 35,5cm) respectivamente. Un 98% de las madres se al tener intenci n de proporcionar lactancia materna. Un 26% de las madres refiri un consumo familiar de refresco dos veces por semana y prefer an adquirir alimentos ya procesados que preparados en casa. Un 43, 21 y 13% de los hogares consum a fruta 7, 3 y 4 d as a la semana, respectivamente. Estas cantidades fueron similares para verduras, leguminosas, cereales y tub rculos. Un 91% consum an tortilla de forma diaria. El ingreso econ mico fue en la mayor a de los casos de $a $4. pesos mexicanos mensuales, equivalentes a 62,5 a 25 . Los servicios de agua potable y luz fueron escasos Las pr cticas de alimentaci n y nutrici n fueron inadecuadas, tanto en calidad como en cantidad de nutrimentos y alimentos. La mayor a de las pacientes no contaba con los servicios de agua potable y luz, adem s de tener un ingreso econ mico bajo. Todo lo anterior impactar en el crecimiento y desarrollo de los neonatos pret rmino To determine diet and nutrition practices and the economic and social situation in homes with premature infants. A descriptive cross-sectional study of 1 preterm infants 3 to 36 weeks gestational age, using data obtained on weight, length and head circumference at birth, and whether they were from rural or urban communities. The mothers of premature infants were given a questionnaire to find out the diet and nutrition status, and the economic and social situation in the families. The preterm infants were recruited from Maternal and Child Hospital of Leon, Guanajuato. The mean gestational age was 34 weeks (26 to 36). The mean weight, length, and head circumference at birth were: 2,7g (659 to 3,75g), 43.7cm (3 to 52cm) and 32.4cm (28 to 35.5cm), respectively. Almost all mothers (98%) wished to breastfeed. More than a quarter (26%) of mothers consumed soda drinks twice a week, and preferred processed food instead of preparing it at home. Fresh fruit was consumed on seven, four, and three days per week by 43%, 13%, and 21% of mothers, respectively. These amounts were similar for vegetables, legumes and cereals. Almost all (91%) referred to consuming tortillas every day. The average monthly income was 1, to 4, pesos (62.5-25 ) in most cases. Drinking water and electricity services were scarce. Most patients did not have drinking water or electricity services, as well as being on a low income. Diets were inadequate both in quality and type of food. The accessibility to foods was limited. These situations will have an impact on the growth and development of preterm infants.


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