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Hydrochemistry of geothermal water in Tianshui and adjacent area, Gansu province, China

, : Hydrochemistry of geothermal water in Tianshui and adjacent area, Gansu province, China. Environmental Earth Sciences 67(5): 1281-1290

A geochemical study on thermal water has been carried out in Tianshui and its adjacent area, Gansu province, China. Chemical and isotopic contents were employed in the investigation on the origin and evolution of thermal water and the evaluation of reservoir temperature in the geothermal systems. Thermal waters in Wushan and Tianshui are characterized by outlet temperatures from 15 to 38 C and low TDS (226 255 mg/L), defined as bicarbonate water. Its origin may be attributed to the interaction between meteoric rain, biotite plagioclase gneiss and carbonate reservoir rocks. In contrast, thermal waters in Tongwei and Qingshui have higher outlet temperatures of 25 54.2 C and a moderate TDS of 915 1,793 mg/L, regarded as sulfate waters. These sulfate waters may arise from the interaction between meteoric water, granite and amphogneiss. Isotopic data presented here suggest that thermal waters in the study area have a meteoric origin without being significantly effected by water rock isotope exchange. Chemical geothermometry indicates the existence of a deep geothermal reservoir of low-to-medium enthalpy (7 111 C) in the Tianshui study area.


DOI: 10.1007/s12665-012-1571-9

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