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Psychological dimensions after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: reduced mental burden, improved eating behavior, and ongoing need for cognitive eating control


, : Psychological dimensions after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: reduced mental burden, improved eating behavior, and ongoing need for cognitive eating control. Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases 9(4): 569-573

Obesity as a chronic disease has spread worldwide. Conservative treatments, especially with severe obesity, often fail. Obesity surgery has been shown to be an effective treatment. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG), as a restrictive procedure, has low risks and results in good weight loss outcomes. However, to date, there are no studies available investigating changes in psychological dimensions especially concerning eating behavior and cognitive restraint after SG. The present study investigated for the first time eating behavior (cognitive restraint, disinhibition, hunger), depression, and perceived stress before SG and 1 year after SG. University hospital, comprehensive obesity center Out of 59 patients who had undergone SG between 28 and 21, 4 patients were evaluated using questionnaires on eating behavior, depression and stress, with measurements made before surgery and 1 year after surgery. Body mass index (BMI) decreased, on average, by 15.5 kg/m2 1 year after SG (62.7% excess weight loss). Eating behavior changed, with patients having less hunger, fewer food cravings and decreased disinhibition. Depressive symptoms, and perceived stress improved. However, the results showed high levels in the dimension of cognitive restraint of eating 1 year after SG. Most psychological dimensions improved as expected. The patients were less distractible by food, felt less hunger and were less disturbed by emotional distress. However, we found persistent cognitive restraint, reflecting an ongoing need for central eating control. Further investigations are needed to describe the communication between the gut and the brain after surgery.

US$19.90

PMID: 22784946

DOI: 10.1016/j.soard.2012.05.008


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